Gujarati calendar 2019 Index showing festivals, holidays and tithi. Index corresponds to the Gujarati months of Vikram Samvat 2075 - 2076.
Gujarati hindu calendar is need of every Gujarati’s for each and every occasion in Gujarat. Practically, Christian calendar is used in daily routine works. But To identify auspicious days and holy schedules for every faith, fairs, occasion and festivals Gujarati's are using Gujarati calendar.
Gujarati calendar starts a new year after a day of Diwali. Gujarati calendar starts from Gujarati month Kartak and followed by Magshar, Posh, Maha, Fagan, Chaitra, Vaishakh, Jeth, Ashadh, Shravan, Bhadarvo and Aaso.
Days in a week of Gujarati calendar are pronounced as Somvar, Mangalvar, Budhvar, Guruvar, Shukravar, Shanivar and Ravivar which are same in Christian calendar accordingly Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday.
In Gujarati language the weather seasons are called as Shiyalo, Unalo and Chomasu accordingly for winter, summer and monsoon. There are also sub seasons called Vasant(spring), Grishma(summer), Varsha(monsoon), Sharad(autumn), Hemant(pre-winter) and Shishir(winter).
Gujarati month Chaitra and Vaishakh are considered as Vasant or Spring. Similary Jeth and Ashadh are the months of Grishma or Summer, Shravana and Bhadarvo months considered as Varsha or Monsoon, Kartak as Sharad or Autumn, Magshar and Posh as Hemant and Maha and Fagan as Shishir or Winter.
Gujarati Vikram Samvat Calendar is about 56 years ahead of Christian calendar. So it means if the Gujarati Vikram Samvat year is 2075 then Christian year will be 2019 (2075 - 56). The Vikrama Samvat lunar calendar was founded by the emperor Vikramaditya of Ujjain following his victory over the Shakas in 56 BCE. If the date falls between the beginning of the Western year and the end of the Indian year then 56 year need to subtracted otherwise it will be 57.
Gujarati Vikram Samvat calendar uses a solar year but divides it into 12 lunar months, each consisting 29 days 12 hours 44 minutes and 3 seconds. All together a lunar year of 354 days 8 hours 48 minutes and 36 seconds. To fix the lunar months into the solar year( because 60 solar months = 62 lunar months) there is a practice of adding an extra month which is called Adhik Mahino or Purushottam maas at interval of 30 months or say two and half years. In Gujarati Hindu Vikram Samvat Calendar seasons are as per the sun, months as per the moon and days as per both the sun and the moon.
Lunar days or tithis can have various lengths. Not only this but sometimes a tithi is omitted or sometime two continuous days share the same tithi. This is because in Gujarati Calendar the days are calculated using the difference of the longitudinal angle between the position of the sun and moon.
Difference between Gujarati Vikram Samvat Calendar year and northern Indian Vikram Samvat Calendar year is that while Gujarati Calendar year of Vikram Samvat begins with the first day after the new moon in the month of Kartak (a day after Diwali usually in October/November in popular calendar), in northern Indian parts the same Vikram Samvat calendar starts with the first day after the new moon in the month of Chaitra(usually in March/April in Christian calendar). On the other hand in Nepal where Vikram Samvat is official calendar the new year begins in the middle of April.
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